Archaeology Summary for Goldhanger

The locations below are shown on the… Interative map

 

HER     - Essex Historic Environment Records, see links to... Listed Buildings and Monuments

Local  -  indicates knowledge from local sources (documents in local archives)

Web    -  indicates information from the internet    (extracts in local archives)

 

 

Origin

             Location

 

        Description

 

 

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HER

A

playing field

 

Barrow, burial & earthworks

 

 

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HER

B

Bounds Farm

 

Roman midden, saltern, broken Sagger, etc.

see… Salt extraction in the Blackwater

 

 

 

HER

 

 

HER

 

 

 

Bounds Farm

 

 

Sailing Club

site

 

Roman pottery, Samian ware, large jars with rolled rims.

Crop-marks showing at Bounds Farm

 

Redhill excavated in 1908.

One of the many local Redhills.

 

 

 

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HER

C

Joyces Creek

 

Prehistoric settlement, Redhill excavated, flints

 

HER

 

"

 

Hand axe, Neolithic worked flints & pottery

 

HER

 

"

 

Mesolithic dated worked flints with serrated blades

 

HER

 

"

 

Two line of posts, date unknown

 

 

HER

 

 

"

 

 

Decoy Ponds one with eight “pipes”

 

 

Local

 

 

"

 

 

Site of Fish Pits and the 1953 Seawall breach that caused local flooding

 

 

 

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HER

D

The Stumble

 

Neolithic settlement, midden, cooking pot, steam baths

Neolithic plant material, 4000 -2300 BC

 

 

Web

 

 

“The most comprehensive group of Earlier Neolithic plant remains of any domestic site in England”

 

 

HER

 

"

 

Early Bronz age settlement, post holes

2350 - 700 BC

 

HER

 

"

 

Iron age settlement - hurdle bridge, fish traps, stock enclosure, etc

 

HER

 

"

 

Pottery vessel, Roman occupation, 43 - 409 AD

 

HER

 

"

 

A discus like polished flint knife found on the eroding shoreline in the area of the Stumble. Theses knives are rare and appear to be a British develoment, associated with Beaker pots and EBA burials.

 

HER

 

"

 

Post-medieval wooden structures

 

 

Local

 

"

 

Hand millstone, 20 inch diameter found at this location

 

 

Local

 

 

"

 

 

Site of WW-II V2 rocket crash

 

 

Local

 

"

 

A bronz spearhead in perfect condition, found by a dingy sailor in the estuary near the Stumble.

 

 

 

 

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HER

E

The Creek

 

Lines of wooden posts, date unknown

 

 

 

 

 

Web

 

 

 

 

Wooden structures on the Goldhanger foreshore radiocarbon dated to 13th century

 

HER

 

"

 

Wreck of Thames barge Snowdrop is still visible.

 

 

 

Local

 

 

The barge Snowdrop had a long local career.

 

Local

 

"

 

Parts of a wreck were explored by Crawshay Frost in the 1950s, which he thought was the keel of a Roman galley.

Parts are said to be given to Colchester Castle museum

 

 

Local

 

"

 

Pieces of ornamental masonry from the old  London Bridge were used to build parts of the seawall. Some were not used and saved by locals.

 

Web

 

 

Remains of a Roman Pier”

found in Goldhanger Creek in 1947

 

Web

 

 

“Prof. S.J.Rippon (1997: 130-3) has suggested Goldhanger Creek as an AngloSaxon trading place on the Essex coast”.

 

 

 

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HER

F

 

 

 

Collins Creek

 

 

 

 

Early medieval fish traps or weirs, consisting of
thousands of posts, 640-670 AD

 

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HER

G

Highams Farm

 

A medieval moat

 

 

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HER

N

near

The Church

 

Cropmarks of linear features

 

Local

 

field next to

The Church

 

Aerial photos of clear cropmarks were said to be the former Goldhanger Hall. However an excavation in 2011 did not supported this.

 

 

 

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Local

Garden near

the Church

 

A Neolithic stone implement found in a garden that was formerly a farmyard. It could be either a axe head or a hand tool for skinning animals.

 

 

 

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HER

I

south of

Gardners Farm

 

Redhills, salterns and barrows investigated in the early 1900s

 

 

HER

 

 

Near the seawall: A first brass of Trajan and a first brass of Faustina Jnr were among six coins found at Goldhanger and donated to Colchester Museum (2909.14) by Mr F W Reader in 1914.

Pastcape monument no. 383370

 

Local

 

south of

Gardners Farm

 

Decoy Ponds “destroyed by modern reservoir”

 

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Local

Barrow Marshes

 

Sadly there are very few signs of the many  Ancient Tumuli at Barrow Marshes

 

 

 

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HER

J

Osea Island

east end

 

Polished neolithic implement

 

Local

 

 

Site of WW-2 Spitfire crash June 1942

 

 

 

 

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Local

Osea Island

 

There are many metal and concrete remnants of HMS Osea including the remains for the CMB launch ramps.

 

 

 

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HER

K

Estuary,

off Bounds

 

Neolithic worked flints & pottery

 

 

Local

 

"

 

Site of two Fish Pits  shown on 1820 Tithe map.

 

Roman coins found in the Estuary.

 

Dagger and spurs found in the Estuary.

 

Local

 

"

 

Blocks of stone that proliferate in the Estuary and Creek are said to have been ballast in barges not needed for return journeys. 

 

 

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Local

 

Estuary,

Bounds hatch

 

Two trackways or causeways from Bounds hatch heading towards Osea Island, clearly visible at low tide. A track or causeway here may have been part of an ancient/Roman north-south route from Colchester to Osea Island. See... Local highways and byways

and section 6 - North and south routes from The Square

 

 

 

 

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HER

L M

south of

Cobbs Farm

 

Site of Bentall’s 19th century iron foundry

 

 

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Local

 

field east of

village

 

Copper ingot hoard found in the year 2000

 

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HER

 

north of

Charity Farm

 

Cropmarks of rectilinear feature

 

 

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HER

P

north of

Folly Faunts

 

Cropmark of rectilinear features and pits

 

 

 

 

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Local

Q

Estuary, off

Lauriston

 

Redhills & decoy ponds shown on 1947aerial photo

 

Local

 

              "

 

Site of WW-2 Douglas Boston bomber crash, Nov 1942

 

 

 

 

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Local

R

field in

village triangle

 

Stone-age knife handle found, whereabouts unknown

 

 

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HER

S

Estuary, off

Rolls Farm

 

Neolithic and Bronze Age site and a substantial red hill

 

 

 

 

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See also the Maldon Archaeological and Historical Group website

and the Maldon area study report … Maeldune - Introduction - Maldon

both in External links

 

 

 

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